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Active speakers vs. passive speakers, what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?

Release time: 2021-10-02    Viewers: 35

Maybe when everyone buys speakers, they are the first to consider "passive" speakers, because they have a player, Amp, and a complete system. But for those who are new to audio and start to play from "zero", in fact, "active" speakers have their advantages. Although "passive" speakers are the mainstream, there are also many diehard fans of "active" speakers. What are the reasons? If you exclude the differences in materials and design of high-end and low-end equipment, what are the advantages and disadvantages of "active" and "passive" designs alone? The following is a brief analysis with everyone.

Although "passive" speakers are the mainstream, there are many diehard fans of "active" speakers. What are the reasons? If you exclude the differences in materials and design of high-end and low-end equipment, what are the advantages and disadvantages of "active" and "passive" designs alone?

Active speaker
"Active speaker" means that the speaker has a built-in crossover and amplifier circuit, and it can produce sound only by connecting the power supply and inputting the music signal. Many studio monitor speakers and professional engineering speakers are active speakers, but don’t think that Active Speaker is synonymous with your professionalism, because the common and commonly used computer speakers, Bluetooth speakers, etc. are actually "active." Speakers.

Advantage 1: No need for later stage, simple system
One of the major advantages of active speakers is that there is no need to connect the rear driver, and you can play songs by inputting audio. It is most suitable for friends who want a simpler sound system. Only the "player" and the "speaker" can be integrated. system.

Advantage 2: Save space

In addition, the active speaker does not need to be connected to an amplifier, so it can save a lot of space for equipment. It is quite suitable for the CAS system or desktop audio system that is very popular in recent years.


Active speakers vs. passive speakers, what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?


Advantage 3: Complete package, "guaranteed" sound quality
Since the speaker itself has a complete drive circuit and is equipped with decoding and partial sound, plus the audio interface input, the sound floor of the active speaker will be more "stable", unlike passive speakers that are more affected by cables and amplifiers.

Disadvantage 1: Speakers need to adjust the volume independently
In the design of some active speakers, the output of the left and right channel speakers needs to be adjusted independently, so it will be a little troublesome to adjust the volume, and the left and right speakers need to be coordinated and then fine-tuned.

Disadvantage 2: Need to connect power cord and signal line
Although the active speaker does not need one Amp, in addition to the signal line, each speaker needs to be connected with an additional power cord for power supply. If the speakers are placed far away, the connection will be more troublesome.
Although "passive" speakers are the mainstream, there are many diehard fans of "active" speakers. What are the reasons? If you exclude the differences in materials and design of high-end and low-end equipment, what are the advantages and disadvantages of "active" and "passive" designs alone?

Passive speaker
The most common two-channel speakers are "passive" speakers. Contrary to "active" speakers, they don't have a built-in amplifier circuit and need to rely on the output of a rear stage or a combined unit to drive the sound. Compared with traditional active speakers, which are mostly bookshelf design, passive speakers have a variety of styles, such as floor space, bookshelf, satellite, etc.

Advantage 1: More flexibility in tuning
Due to the need to connect an amplifier to drive, the sound bottom of passive speakers will be greatly affected by the connected equipment and wires. Sometimes the same set of speakers will appear to be heard by others and heard from the same place, and the feeling is completely different. However, in disguise, there is more flexibility in tuning. You can use the characteristics of signal lines and amplifiers to supplement or enhance the performance of the speakers.


Active speakers vs. passive speakers, what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?


Advantage 2: Only need to connect the speaker cable
Although it is necessary to connect an amplifier, in contrast, passive speakers do not need to be connected to an additional power cord, and only need to be connected to the amplifier with a signal line, and the latter can be directly driven to produce sound.

Advantage 3: Bi-Amp, Bi-Wire diversified connection combination
Some passive speakers can support Bi-Amp and Bi-Wire connection methods, and enhance the performance of the speakers through wire connection and additional post stage.



Active speakers vs. passive speakers, what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?


Disadvantages: need to be promoted by a later stage
Since passive speakers are too diverse, with different specifications, designs and materials, if you want to talk about a common shortcoming, you need to connect the amplifier to drive, which requires additional equipment and space.

Summarize
Many friends of the author have switched to active speakers in recent years, mainly because they are convenient enough to simplify the desktop audio system and are suitable for connecting to a computer to play CAS. However, the combination and playfulness of passive speakers does have a unique appeal, and it is more suitable for traditional audio systems.
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